The first step in problem solving is to clearly and accurately define the problem. This is what we mean by problem analysis. To get started on a problem solution, you must understand the desired outcome, identify what you know, what you need to learn, and any special conditions that might apply. Only when you’ve clearly and accurately defined these parameters can you develop an effective plan for action.
Testing your solution requires developing a detailed test plan and procedure with specific performance benchmarks.One very important characteristic of a good test plan is that someone of reasonable intelligence can follow your plan and replicate your results. If your test results successfully validate your solution, a formal presentation is given to report your results. If your test results do not successfully validate your solution, the problem-solving process is repeated until an acceptable solution is developed
Requires taking responsibility for acquiring the knowledge and skills identified in the problem analysis phase needed to solve the problem at hand. This includes setting specific learning goals, identifying the necessary information and resources, and testing yourself to determine whether you have acquired the knowledge and skills needed to solve the problem.
Involves applying what you’ve learned through your independent research in a group effort to generate possible solutions to the problem. Ideas are exchanged without criticism or judgment. By expressing ideas and listening to what others say, you will be able to gauge your level understanding, increase your knowledge and understanding by integrating new information with prior knowledge, and converge on a problem solution that represents the collective knowledge of the group.